simply earlier than the durations courtroom in Tirunelveli was to pronounce the various inside the well-known ‘Nellai Conspiracy’ case in direction of Communist leaders in 1952, there was hypothesis that no decrease than two of the accused individuals would get the dying penalty and the others would get life imprisonment.
nonetheless the decide, whereas acquitting fifty one accused individuals, awarded life sentence and rigorous imprisonment to the Communist leaders, collectively with R. Nallakannu, P. Manickam and Mayandi Bharathi. The defence lawyer was Nanguneri Thiruvenkatachari Vanamamalai, effectively-typically acknowledged as NTV, whose start centenary fell on Thursday.&#thirteen;
“The decide mentioned he had not awarded the dying sentence to anyone as a outcome of of this of method whereby NTV carried out the case and the accused carried out themselves in the course of the trial,” recalled V. Gopinath, senior advocate and brother-in-regulation of NTV. They labored collectively beneath Communist-turned-Congress Minister and barrister Mohan Kumaramangalam.
The Life and Time of N.T. Vanamamalai, authored by advocate S. Arunachalam, remembers the speech of Mayandi Bharathi at a condolence meeting for NTV, crediting him with serving to them maintain away from the dying sentence. Vanamamalai, who excelled as a felony lawyer, was additionally a member of the Communist social gathering of India (CPI). He did not cost any price whereas exhibiting for his partymen.&#thirteen;
“price has by no means been a criterion. He would seem free for social gathering circumstances and encourage us to seem for them too. When a teachers’ union acquired here forward to pay him for arguing a case, he refused to simply settle for it,” recalled Justice okay.N. Basha, a retired decide of the Madras extreme courtroom and a junior of NTV in his days as a lawyer.&#thirteen;
Mr. Basha mentioned NTV declined to maintain any office, collectively with that of the Advocate-fundamental of Tamil Nadu and the publish of a decide. “NTV was a mannequin. If 4 of his juniors turned judges and 5 of them had been designated as senior advocates, it was as a outcome of we had been his juniors. He earned fame and title as an advocate. He revered the dignity of the courtroom and was a grasp of advocacy,” he added.&#thirteen;
Justice okay. Chandru mentioned NTV was a devoted Communist and an expert lawyer, and had a sound information of felony regulation. “He was a partyman. however, in dealing with felony circumstances, he did not apply social gathering guidelines. He appeared free solely when partymen had been involved,” he added.&#thirteen;
Born in Kolkata, the place his father Nanguneri Thiruvenkatachari, an industrialist, ran a leather-based manufacturing facility, NTV was launched up in orthodox circumstances. His transformation from a pious pupil to a Communist lawyer was fantastic. He studied chemistry on the Presidency faculty earlier than qualifying as an advocate.
“Since there was no hostel, he stayed inside the Vanamamalai Mutt at Triplicane. Even whereas studying at regulation faculty, he sported a ‘kudumi’ (tuft) and was effectively-versed inside the Naalayira Divya Prabandham and Sanskrit slokas,” mentioned Mr. Gopinath. He was practising in Tirunelveli and acquired here to Chennai in 1964.&#thirteen;
NTV turned widespread after he defended actor M.R. Radha, who was arrested for taking pictures matinee idol and political chief M.G. Ramachandran, who went on to develop to be the Chief Minister.&#thirteen;
“He carried out the case so effectively. He by no means offended MGR [when he was cross-examined] and by no means requested any question about his character, although many people had been instructing him to ask all types of questions with a view to launching character assassination,” Mr. Gopinath recalled.
truly, MGR had good respect for him. After the cross-examination, he would have a chat with NTV. He even engaged him for simply a few circumstances when the AIADMK was elected to power. He additionally examined DMK chief M. Karunanidhi in the course of the inquiry carried out by the Justice R.S. Sarkaria fee as counsel for the CBI.&#thirteen;
As a CPI member, he was actively involved inside the actions of the Indo-Soviet Cultural Society (ISCUS), till his dying in 2006, and was its secretary-fundamental. “as quickly as he took me to meet MGR to get some donations. When MGR supplied ₹1 lakh, NTV mentioned ₹5,000 was ample. His argument was that the social gathering might buy money from members of the complete public, however ought to not get an great quantity from people. He was a terrific humanist,” recalled P. Thangappan, secretary of the Indian Society for Cultural Co-operation and Friendship, the current avatar of ISCUS.&#thirteen;